Faculty Publications

  • 2021
  • "The interactive nature of happiness at work - What People Say About Work When They Talk About Life "
    2021 Pages: 98

    Author(s): Ivo Ponocny

    Publication date: 2021

    Publisher: Routledge

    Pages: 98

    Host publication editor(s): J. Marques

  • 2020
  • Vlad Porumb, Gunther Maier, Ion Anghel
    "The impact of building location on green certification price premiums: Evidence from three European countries"
    2020 in: Journal of Cleaner Production. Volume: 272. Issue number: 1

    Author(s): Vlad Porumb, Gunther Maier, Ion Anghel

    Publication date: 11. 2020

    Volume: 272

    Issue number: 1

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jclepro.2020.122080

  • "Managerial Judgment in City Benchmarking"
    2020 in: Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research.

    One of the weaknesses of past tourism benchmarking studies is treatment of all indicators as equally important, which is oftentimes a consequence of lack of data. Therefore, implications derived from such analyses may not be given a full attention by the affected stakeholders, as in real life situations, they are more likely to allocate a different weight on different objectives for their organizations/destinations. This is where the current study comes in: it delves into inspecting the impact of managerial judgment (i.e., weights) in city destination benchmarking by applying data envelopment analysis (DEA). A rather interesting finding is that the benchmarking partners are allocated based on the weighting of each objective. Thus, this clearly points toward the importance of taking the stakeholders’ judgment into account if aiming at a more complete interpretation of the efficiency scores—an area that is indisputably fully unexplored within the destination benchmarking domain to date.

    Author(s): Bozana Zekan

    Publication date: 13. 10. 2020

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/1096348020963640

  • "Efficient Satisfaction Building: A Comparative Study of Ski Resorts"
    2020 Modul University Working Paper No. 8

    Destination managers aim at increasing and maintaining visitor satisfaction. In this study the authors examine the levels of efficiency which ski resorts attain in pursuing this objective for a sample of 54 Austrian, French, German, Italian, and Swiss ski resorts based on a survey totaling 12.234 cases. Configurations of resort attributes lead to some level of overall satisfaction. An individual satisfaction item contributes to overall satisfaction depending on the simultaneous value of other items. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is tailor-made for demonstrating the holistic effect of such item configurations. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) extracts the differences with regard to efficient satisfaction building and paves the way for resort bench-marking by proposing best-fitting bench-marking partners. As results indicate, destinations need not deliver top service quality in all satisfaction dimensions to achieve above average overall satisfaction.

    Author(s): Bozana Zekan, Josef Mazanec

    Publication date: 21. 9. 2020

    Series information: Modul University Working Paper No. 8

  • "Investigating the affective part of subjective well-being (SWB) by means of sentiment analysis"
    2020 in: International Journal of Social Research Methodology. Pages: 1-16

    Author(s): Christian Weismayer

    Publication date: 8. 9. 2020

    Pages: 1-16

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/13645579.2020.1816251

  • "Benchmarking tourism destinations along their impact – effect dimensions"

    Author(s): Sabine Sedlacek, Christian Weismayer, Daniel Dan

    Publication date: 25. 8. 2020

  • "A new methodology for assessing the carrying capacity of tourist destinations of European regions"

    Author(s): Sabine Sedlacek, Ulrich Gunter, Bozana Zekan, Christian Weismayer

    Publication date: 25. 8. 2020

  • Irem Önder, Bozana Zekan
    "Urban Tourism Development in Europe: A Double-Edged Sword for the Cities?"

    Author(s): Irem Önder, Bozana Zekan

    Publication date: 8. 2020

    Publisher: Routledge

    Host publication editor(s): A. Morrison, A. Coca-Stefaniak

  • Ilona Pezenka, Christian Weismayer
    "Which factors influence locals’ and visitors’ overall restaurant evaluations?"
    2020 in: International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. Volume: 32. Issue number: 9 Pages: 2793

    Author(s): Ilona Pezenka, Christian Weismayer

    Publication date: 20. 7. 2020

    Volume: 32

    Issue number: 9

    Pages: 2793

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-09-2019-0796

  • Wolfgang Strasdas, Dagmar Lund-Durlacher, Marco Giraldo, Filiz Kück, Swantje Lehners
    "Die Corona-Krise und ihre Implikationen für die nachhaltige Entwicklung des Tourismus"

    Author(s): Wolfgang Strasdas, Dagmar Lund-Durlacher, Marco Giraldo, Filiz Kück, Swantje Lehners

    Publication date: 7. 2020

    Publisher: Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development

  • Ulrich Gunter, Irem Önder, Egon Smeral
    "Are Combined Tourism Forecasts Better at Minimizing Forecasting Errors?"
    2020 in: Forecasting. Volume: 2. Issue number: 3 Pages: 211-229

    This study, which was contracted by the European Commission and is geared towards easy replicability by practitioners, compares the accuracy of individual and combined approaches to forecasting tourism demand for the total European Union. The evaluation of the forecasting accuracies was performed recursively (i.e., based on expanding estimation windows) for eight quarterly periods spanning two years in order to check the stability of the outcomes during a changing macroeconomic environment. The study sample includes Eurostat data from January 2005 until August 2017, and out of sample forecasts were calculated for the last two years for three and six months ahead. The analysis of the out-of-sample forecasts for arrivals and overnights showed that forecast combinations taking the historical forecasting performance of individual approaches such as Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) models, REGARIMA models with different trend variables, and Error Trend Seasonal (ETS) models into account deliver the best results.

    Author(s): Ulrich Gunter, Irem Önder, Egon Smeral

    Publication date: 29. 6. 2020

    Volume: 2

    Issue number: 3

    Pages: 211-229

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/forecast2030012

  • Gabriel Trettel-Silva
    "Work time reduction in a degrowth context: for the North or for all?"

    In this paper I argue that focusing on work time reduction as a shared interest between global North and global South socio-environmental movements would contribute to increase sympathy for degrowth in the global South. In order to achieve that, the first challenge is to coherently incorporate work time reduction in the South into the degrowth framework. Currently in academic literature, most of the calls for work time reduction in a degrowth context focus on the global North and disregard the global South. As an attempt to contribute to this matter, I explore some of the limits and premises of different positions found in the academic literature about work time reduction from a degrowth perspective, point to some contradictions and sketch some recommendations on how to overcome them.

    Author(s): Gabriel Trettel-Silva

    Publication date: 31. 5. 2020

  • Ulrich Gunter, Irem Önder, Bozana Zekan
    "Modeling Airbnb demand to New York City while employing spatial panel data at the listing level"
    2020 in: Tourism Management. Volume: 77.

    Using spatial panel data comprising a cross section of 1,461 continuously active Airbnb listings obtained from AirDNA, as well as time series data from NYC and Company and the OECD covering the time period September 2014 to June 2016, the present study quantifies own price, cross price, and income elasticities of Airbnb demand to New York City within an empirical tourism demand framework. The particular goal of the study is to establish whether the relationship between Airbnb and the traditional accommodation industry is of a substitutional or of a complementary nature. Employing a one-way fixed-effects spatial Durbin model, it can be concluded that demand is price-inelastic for Airbnb accommodation in New York City, which is a luxury good, and that the city's traditional accommodation industry as well as neighboring Airbnb listings are substitutes for the investigated Airbnb listings. The estimation results are robust against several alternative specifications of the regression equation.

    Author(s): Ulrich Gunter, Irem Önder, Bozana Zekan

    Publication date: 2020

    Volume: 77

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2019.104000

  • Baldwin Tong, Ulrich Gunter
    "Hedonic pricing and the sharing economy: how profile characteristics affect Airbnb accommodation prices in Barcelona, Madrid, and Seville"
    2020 in: Current Issues in Tourism.

    The sharing economy has allowed people from all over the world to more effectively utilize their assets. Owners or controllers of assets in the sharing economy are free to set any price they want subject to prevailing market demand as long as they operate in an imperfectly competitive market environment. This paper examines how various characteristics of an Airbnb listing (size, number of photos, ratings, host responsiveness, superhost status, distance from city centre, etc.) affect the prices of accommodation and determines which factors strongly affect price using weighted least squares (WLS) and quantile regression. A hedonic pricing model was developed and applied to data from the cities of Barcelona, Madrid, and Seville to determine how the different characteristics of an Airbnb listing affect the price of accommodation in these major three Spanish tourist cities. The estimation results, which are resilient to various robustness checks, indicate that overall rating as well as characteristics indicative of the size of the accommodation have the strongest positive influence on price, while the number of reviews and distance from the city centre have the strongest negative influence on price.

    Author(s): Baldwin Tong, Ulrich Gunter

    Publication date: 2020

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1718619

  • Abderahman Rejeb, John Keogh, Horst Treiblmaier
    "How Blockchain Technology Can Benefit Marketing: Six Pending Research Areas - How Blockchain Technology Can Benefit Marketing: Six Pending Research Areas"
    2020 in: Frontiers in Blockchain. Volume: 3. Issue number: 3 Pages: 1-12

    The proliferation of sophisticated e-commerce platforms coupled with mobile applications has ignited growth in business-to-consumer (B2C) commerce, reshaped organizational structures, and revamped value creation processes. Simultaneously, new technologies have altered the dynamics of brand marketing, enabling a broader reach and more personalized targeting aimed at increasing brand trust and enhancing customer loyalty. Today, the Internet allows marketers to penetrate deeper into their existing markets, create new online marketplaces and to generate new demand. This dynamic market engagement uses new technologies to target consumers more effectively. In this conceptual paper, we discuss how blockchain technology can potentially impact a firm's marketing activities. More specifically, we illustrate how blockchain technology acts as incremental innovation, empowering the consumer-centric paradigm. Moreover, blockchain technology fosters disintermediation, aids in combatting click fraud, reinforces trust and transparency, enables enhanced privacy protection, empowers security, and enables creative loyalty programs. We present six propositions that will guide future blockchain-related research in the area of marketing.

    Author(s): Abderahman Rejeb, John Keogh, Horst Treiblmaier

    Publication date: 2020

    Volume: 3

    Issue number: 3

    Pages: 1-12

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbloc.2020.00003

  • "The role of collaborative governance in energy regions – experiences from an Austrian region"
    2020 in: Journal of Cleaner Production.

    Tourism destinations with a strong exposure to climate change are confronted with the need to initiate energy transitions. As a consequence a broad set of regional stakeholders within and outside the tourism sector are compelled to become active. Therefore collaborative efforts are increasingly suggested in order to initiate and coordinate such transitions.
    The paper focuses on these coordination aspects and uses the insights of a tourism destination, the Pinzgau which is on the one hand famous for its winter tourism in Austria and on the other hand part of the national park ‘Hohe Tauern’ where nature preservation is the core goal.

    Author(s): Sabine Sedlacek, Tanja Tötzer, Dagmar Lund-Durlacher

    Publication date: 2020

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120256

  • Thomas F. Stafford, Horst Treiblmaier
    "Characteristics of a Distributed Ledger Ecosystem for Secure and Sharable Electronic Medical Records"
    2020 in: IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. Pages: 1-23

    Blockchain technology is a secure and distributed information accounting, storage and retrieval modality which has the ability to disrupt and revolutionize business practices. One such disruption resides in the capability of Blockchain to serve as a secure method for storing and sharing electronic medical records in new and innovative ways. Current medical record storage and transmission methods are proprietary and have interoperability and security problems. To that end, secure, effective and interoperable electronic records options are highly prized. This study uses a grounded theory approach to qualitative analysis of electronic medical records users in the United States to develop a perspective from industry and scholarly practice on the suitability of Blockchain technologies for electronic medical records security and storage.

    Author(s): Thomas F. Stafford, Horst Treiblmaier

    Publication date: 2020

    Pages: 1-23

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2020.2973095

  • Neale O'Connor, Paul Benjamin Lowry, Horst Treiblmaier
    "Interorganizational Cooperation and Supplier Performance in High-Technology Supply Chains"
    2020 in: Heliyon. Volume: 6. Issue number: 3 Pages: 1-16

    Never in history have global supply-chain relationships in high-tech electronics firms been more sophisticated, complicated, and almost always tied in some major aspect to China. The setting makes interorganizational (IO) cooperation in a cross-cultural context, infused with Chinese culture and relationships, which absolutely crucial for global organizations to understand to have success in this environment. Ironically, although China is now more involved in this global supply chain than any other country in the world, this context is highly understudied, and most of the supply-chain literature is fundamentally rooted in a Western perspective and with data from Western countries and companies. This gap creates serious blind spots in theory, research, and policy, and leads to the research question driving this study: How does IO cooperation influence supplier performance in the context of China’s high-tech hardware components industry? In this context, we thus examines how IO cooperation impacts performance and what role information technology (IT) integration and relationship learning play in the value-creation process for suppliers in business-to-business (B2B) supply chains. In examining these two dimensions, this study proposes a model that differentiates between a supplier’s performances regarding (a) its major customer and (b) the general market. The researchers conducted in-depth face-to-face interviews with supply chain managers and executives from 1,004 Chinese high-tech electronic component suppliers. The results strongly support the hypothesis that IO cooperation improves a supplier’s performance regarding both its major customer and overall marketplace. Relationship learning and IT integration are important mediating variables that drive performance. This study makes notable contributions to the literature by simultaneously testing the influences of IO cooperation, relationship learning, and IT integration on supplier performance. A unique aspect of this study is that it focuses on a very large sample of a specific supplier type—high-tech Chinese suppliers. This combined with the fact that the sampled companies were involved in manufacturing 13 different product groups, greatly increases the generalizability of the results. The strongest effect in our study was the influence of IO cooperation on relationship learning.

    Author(s): Neale O'Connor, Paul Benjamin Lowry, Horst Treiblmaier

    Publication date: 2020

    Volume: 6

    Issue number: 3

    Pages: 1-16

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03434

  • Christian Sillaber, Bernhard Waltl, Horst Treiblmaier, Ulrich Gallersdörfer, Michael Felderer
    "Laying the Foundation for Smart Contract Development: An Integrated Engineering Process"
    2020 in: Information Systems and e-Business Management. Pages: 1-20

    Smart contracts are seen as the major building blocks for future autonomous blockchain- and Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT)-based applications. Engineering such contracts for trustless, append-only, and decentralized digital ledgers allows mutually distrustful parties to transform legal requirements into immutable and formalized rules. Previous experience shows this to be a challenging task due to demanding socio-technical ecosystems and the specificities of decentralized ledger technology. In this paper, we therefore develop an integrated process model for engineering DLT-based smart contracts that accounts for the specificities of DLT. This model was iteratively refined with the support of industry experts. The model explicitly accounts for the immutability of the trustless, append-only, and decentralized DLT ecosystem, and thereby overcomes certain limitations of traditional software engineering process models. More specifically, it consists of five successive and closely intertwined phases: conceptualization, implementation, approval, execution, and finalization. For each phase, the respective activities, roles, and artifacts are identified and discussed in detail. Applying such a model when engineering smart contracts will help software engineers and developers to better understand and streamline the engineering process of DLTs in general and blockchain in particular. Furthermore, this model serves as a generic framework which will support application development in all fields in which DLT can be applied.

    Author(s): Christian Sillaber, Bernhard Waltl, Horst Treiblmaier, Ulrich Gallersdörfer, Michael Felderer

    Publication date: 2020

    Pages: 1-20

    Electronic version(s), related files and links: http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10257-020-00465-5

  • Irem Önder, Bozana Zekan, Nusret Araz
    "An Efficiency Assessment of DMOs’ Facebook Pages: A Benchmarking Study"

    Author(s): Irem Önder, Bozana Zekan, Nusret Araz

    Publication date: 2020

    Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland AG

    Host publication editor(s): J. Neidhardt, W. Wörndl

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